It has been observed time and again that various fake news are circulated through social media channels such as youtube, whatsapp, facebook etc which has a wide reach among masses. These fake news are baseless and doesn't have any scientific facts related to them and due to its presentation, they create a situation of panic among citizens. With all the false and misleading information propagated through these mediums, FSSAI in consultation with the subject experts shares clarification on these fake news. FSSAI also urge citizens to neither believe nor circulate these fake news through their social media channels.
1. CLARIFICATION ABOUT PLASTIC EGGS
There is no technology or chemicals available to complete the manufacturing of whole eggs. Also, it is not economically viable process since normal eggs are available in abundance & at an affordable price.[+]
A thick eggshell membrane indicates the freshness of the eggs. When the egg is fresh, there is not enough time for evaporation to separate the 2 membranes (outer and inner layers) causing it to stick to each other. This makes it look thicker and stronger when it is peeled. Also, the inner shell membrane of the eggs may become harder & elastic when it is older than 15 days, which is a natural ageing process.
The reason why eggs differ from each other is because of difference in quality of feed, breed of bird, ageing of eggs & the handling of eggs.
As the egg ages, the egg white changes its consistency, becomes thin and runny and finally egg yolk and white dissolve into each other & this mixing is aggravated by temperature abuse & not because egg is made artificially.
Detailed information on egg quality and safety is available at https://fssai.gov.in/cms/guidance-notes.php
2. CLARIFICATION REGARDING MELAMINE IN INFANT MILK
Melamine has no known food uses. Melamine could be present in a food either on account of its incidental presence (as a contaminant) or due to deliberate addition (as an adulterant) for economic gains..[+]
It must be noted that use of melamine either as an ingredient or as an additive is not permitted in any food by FSSAI, although maximum limits for presence of melamine in food, including milk, have been prescribed to address the incidental presence of melamine as a contaminant. This is as per international standards and is based on a proper risk assessment with respect to consumer health safety. Setting up of such limits certainly does not mean that FSSAI allow addition of melamine to foods even within the specified maximum limit.
Detailed information on presence of melamine in milk is available at https://fssai.gov.in/all-whatnew.php
3. CLARIFICATION REGARDING PRESENCE OF PLASTIC IN WHEAT FLOUR
Wheat flour naturally contains 2 proteins – Glutenin- for elasticity & Gliadin- for raising of dough. In the presence of water, these 2 proteins bond together to create an elastic network of protein called gluten strings. Gluten is the rubbery mass that is left when wheat flour dough is washed with water & this is maliciously referred to as plastic..[+]
4. CLARIFICATION REGARDING PRESENCE OF PLASTIC RICE IN MARKET
It is the natural phenomenon of rice to burn since it is a complex carbohydrate and since rice is 80% starch, it has cohesive and adhesive properties and when the rice is cooked and transformed into ball, the air gets entrapped & becomes bouncy like a ball. Thus, it should be ruled out that the rice contain plastic.[+]
5. CLARIFICATION REGARDING PRESENCE OF PLASTIC IN SNACKS
The snacks such as namkeens and potato chips are mainly made of cereals, spices and oil and the carbohydrate and fat have a natural characteristic of burning when exposed to fire. Thus, it should be ruled out that they contain plastic.[+]